Artificial Intelligence and Cybersecurity Research - an ENISA Research and Innovation Brief

The aim of this study, undertaken by ENISA, is to identify needs for research on AI for cybersecurity and on securing AI, as part of ENISA’s work in fulfilling its mandate under Article 11 of the Cybersecurity Act1. This report is one of the outputs of this task. In it we present the results of the work carried out in 20212 and subsequently validated in 2022 and 2023 with stakeholders, experts and community members such as the ENISA AHWG on Artificial Intelligence3. ENISA will make its contribution through the identification of five key research needs that will be shared and discussed with stakeholders as proposals for future policy and funding initiatives at the level of the EU and Member States.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a typical dual-use technology, where malicious actors and innovators are constantly trying to best each other’s work. This is a common situation with technologies used to prepare strategic intelligence and support decision making in critical areas. Malicious actors are learning how to make their attacks more efficient by using this technology to find and exploit vulnerabilities in ICT systems.

While it is recognised the immense potential in AI for innovation in cybersecurity and the many requirements needed to improve its security, we also acknowledge that there is still much work to be done to fully uncover and describe these requirements. This report is only an initial assessment of where we stand and where we need to look further in these two important facets of this technology.

ENISA has prepared this studies with the aim of using them as a tool to develop advice on cybersecurity R&I and present it to stakeholders.

For full report visit